WHAT IS THE BEST SUPERGREENS SUPPLEMENT?
What is the best Supergreens Supplement?
Think you know about Time 4 Super Greens? Think again….
Most of us at some time will have been told to eat our Greens. The wisdom of this advice is demonstrated by the growing amount of scientific evidence which shows that Greens not only provide many nutrients essential for good health, but also for optimal physical performance. For example, spinach alone provides us with Vitamins A, C, K1, Iron, Calcium, Nitrates and Fibre. While Pea Protein contains all of the Essential Amino Acids needed to maintain and build muscle.
To obtain these benefits, it is recommended that we consume at least 5 portions of fruit and vegetables each day, with some authorities recommending as many as 10. However, more than two thirds of adults are currently failing to consume just five portions per day. This may be due to difficulties with purchasing and preparing vegetables and issues regarding palatability.
This is where Time 4 Super Greens can make a valuable contribution to your nutrition plan, as it allows us to obtain the many benefits of consuming a sufficient amount of greens, along with other beneficial substances, in a convenient and palatable way.
Here at Time 4 Nutrition, we pride ourselves on employing the findings of latest cutting-edge research to produce the most effective and innovative products. In this article, we are going to highlight some of that research and explain how there’s a lot more to Time 4 Super Greens than the name suggests.
How will Time 4 Super Greens benefit me?
The key ingredients of Time 4 Super Greens have been shown scientifically to provide a number of potential benefits for health and performance. These include, but are not limited to:
- Increasing muscle size and strength (1,2)
- Reducing joint/muscle pain (3)
- Improving Antioxidantcapacity (3, 4)
- Reducing Oxidative Stress(3)
- Reducing Free Radicaldamage (4, 10)
- Reducing blood pressure (5, 13)
- Increasing Nitric Oxide levels (5)
- Increasing time to exhaustion in maximal cardiovascular exercise (6)
- Improving Lipid levels (7)
- Aiding weight management (8, 12)
- Reducing Myostatin activity (9)
- Reducing inflammation (3, 10, 13)
- Promoting sleep (10)
- Reducing fatigue(10)
- Regulating blood pressure (10)
- Enhancing immune function (10)
- Enhancing gastrointestinal function (10)
- Improving Cognition(10)
- Improving supply of oxygen to the tissues during exercise (11)
- Increasing Fat Oxidation during exercise (12)
- Improving Glucose Tolerance and Insulin Sensitivity (12)
- Improving intermittent high intensity exercise performance (14)
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What’s in Time 4 Super Greens?
Time 4 Super Greens is a specially formulated blend of pea protein isolate, Methylsulfonylmethane, Spinach Leaf Powder, Apple Pectin, Wheatgrass, Spirulina, Inulin, Chlorella, Kelp, broccoli Sprout Powder, Alfalfa, Barley Grass, Watercress, Matcha Green Tea Acai Berry Extract, Beetroot Powder, Carrot Powder, Ginger Root Extract, Celery, Parsley, Kale Powder, Beta Carotene and Lactobacillus (probiotic). As we look at each of these ingredients in-depth, and the research that supports their inclusion, you’ll begin to see why Time 4 Super Greens is such a great product and how it may benefit you.
A note about antioxidants
A number of the ingredients in Time 4 Super Greens act as antioxidants, compounds that neutralize free radicals produced by the body. These are unstable molecules that occur as a by-product of metabolism, which can cause cellular damage known as oxidative stress, triggering accelerated aging and increasing the risk of diseases including cancer and diabetes. Various factors and lifestyle habits are known to promote excessive free radical formation and oxidative stress. These include cigarette smoke, alcohol intake, high blood sugar levels, and intense and prolonged exercise.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Pea Protein Isolate?
Pea protein isolate is made by isolating the protein from ground yellow peas. It is a good source of iron and a high-quality protein, as it contains all of essential amino acids required to build and maintain muscle.
What does the science say about Pea Protein Isolate?
Pea protein is most commonly known for its muscle building properties, as a number of studies have shown it to be as effective as whey protein for increasing muscle mass and strength (1,2). However, it has also been shown to provide a number of other important health benefits.
These include aiding weight loss by increasing satiety and glycaemic control. For example, a study by Smith and colleagues (15) found that the ingestion of yellow pea protein isolate helped to reduce food intake, by increasing feelings of fullness, and regulate blood sugar levels.
Pea protein isolate can also contribute to cardiovascular health. The results of a study by Rigamonti et al., (16) demonstrated pea protein’s cholesterol and triglyceride-lowering activity in rats. The authors noted that pea proteins appear to affect cellular lipid homeostasis by upregulating genes involved in cholesterol uptake by the liver and by downregulating fatty acid synthesis genes.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Methylsulfonylmethane?
Methylsulfonylmethane (MSM) is a sulfur-containing compound which occurs naturally in green plants, animals and humans. It can also be produced in a lab to create dietary supplements. It has been shown to have a number of benefits including reducing joint and muscle pain, and enhancing muscle recovery after intense exercise by reducing inflammation and oxidative stress.
What does the science say about Methylsulfonylmethane?
A review by Butawan et al., (3) showed that a variety of health-specific outcome measures are improved with MSM supplementation. These include inflammation, joint/muscle pain, oxidative stress, and antioxidant capacity.
MSM has also been shown to enhance athletic performance by speeding up recovery after intense exercise. For example, a study Barmaki et al., (17) men showed that taking MSM for 10 days significantly reduced exercise-induced muscle damage and increased antioxidant activity following an 8.7mile (14 km) run.
A Withee and colleagues (18) found that female marathon runners who consumed MSM for three weeks leading up to a half marathon reported less muscle soreness and joint pain than those receiving a placebo.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Spinach Leaf powder?
Spinach leaf powder is created by grinding dried spinach leaves to a fine, green powder. It contains a wide range of nutrients including beta-carotene, iron and fibre. Spinach is also an excellent source of vitamin K, vitamin A, vitamin C and folate as well as manganese and magnesium.
What does the science say about Spinach Leaf powder?
A study by Moser et al., (4) found that moderate consumption of spinach provides protection against oxidative DNA damage in humans. Other biochemical parameters which were significantly altered by spinach intake include a 27% increase in folate and a 16% decrease in homocysteine (a substance implicated in the development of cardiovascular disease).
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Apple Pectin?
Apple pectin is a form of soluble fibre found in apples. It is used in alternative medicine to help treat or prevent a diverse range of conditions including high blood fats, diabetes, inflammatory bowel disease and digestive issues.
What does the science say about Apple Pectin?
A study by Lorenzo and colleagues (21) demonstrated that the consumption of pectin helped to increase satiety and slow gastric emptying which may aid weight loss. Brouns et al., (22) found that apple pectin can contribute to cardiovascular health by lowering LDL (bad) cholesterol by between 7% and 10%. Pectin is also a prebiotic which has been shown to strengthen the gut barrier and promote the growth of healthy bacteria in the gut while decreasing the growth of harmful bacteria, and provide an anti-inflammatory effect (23).
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Wheat Grass?
Wheatgrass is the freshly sprouted first leaves of the common wheat plant, Triticum aestivum, which is used as a food, drink, or dietary supplement. It contains chlorophyll, amino acids, vitamin A, vitamin C, vitamin E, iron, calcium and magnesium.
What does the science about Wheat Grass?
A review by Bar-sela and colleagues (24) highlighted a number of the health benefits associated with wheatgrass. These include improving immunological activity and oxidative stress, attenuating the side effects of certain medications as well as benefitting rheumatoid arthritis, ulcerative colitis, blood disorders, diabetes and obesity.
Wheat grass may also help you achieve healthy levels of blood fats. A study by Kothari et al., (25) demonstrated that wheat grass juice produced a significant reduction in total chloesterol, triglycerides, low density lipoprotein-cholesterol and very low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol levels in rats in comparison to a control.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Spirulina?
Spirulina is an organism that grows in both fresh and salt water. It is one of the single-celled microbes that are often referred to as blue-green algae. It is loaded with a variety of potentially beneficial nutrients and antioxidants includingprotein, vitamin B, copper and iron.
What does the science say about Spirulina?
Spirulina’s active component is called phycocyanin. This is a powerful antioxidant which has been shown to combat free radicals and provide an anti-inflammatory effect (26).
Spirulina can also help to reduce a number of risk factors for cardiovascular disease. For example, a study by Mazokopakis and colleagues (27) found that just 1 gram of spirulina per day lowered triglycerides by 16.3% and LDL cholesterol by 10.1%.
Spirulina has also been shown to benefit exercise performance in a variety of ways. These include reducing exercise induced muscle damage, improving endurance, increasing anti-oxidant capacity and decreasing carbohydrate oxidation while increasing fat oxidation (28,29)
A study by Kalafati et al., (29) found that the time to exhaustion after a 2-hour run was significantly greater after spirulina supplementation. The results also showed that the consumption of spirulina decreased carbohydrate oxidation rate by 10.3% while increasing fat oxidation rate by 10.9% during the 2-h run compared with the placebo trial. Levels of glutathione, the body’s master antioxidant, were higher after the spirulina supplementation compared with placebo at rest and 24 h after exercise.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Inulin?
Inulin is a type of soluble fibre found in many plants. It is made up of chains of fructose molecules that are linked together in a way that cannot be digested by the small intestine. Therefore, it travels to the lower gut, where it functions as a prebiotic for the beneficial bacteria that live there and helps to stimulate their growth, particularly Bifidobacteria and Lactobacilli. These ‘friendly bacteria’ help to fend off unwanted pathogens, prevent infection and stimulate the immune system.
The gut bacteria convert Inulin and other prebiotics into short-chain fatty acids, which promote fat oxidation and improve metabolic health. Other benefits of Inulin consumption include increasing feelings of fullness to aid weight loss, improving gut health, helping to control blood sugar, and aiding the absorption of calcium.
What does the science say about Inulin?
A study by Guess et al., (30) investigated the effect of inulin on weight maintenance, appetite and ectopic fat (fat within cells of non-adipose tissue) in subjects with prediabetes. The results of the study showed that those subjects consuming Inulin had greater fat loss and significantly decreased fasting blood glucose levels compared to a control.
van der Beek and colleagues (31) investigated the effects of Inulin on the metabolism of overweight and obese men. The results showed that the ingestion of inulin increased fat oxidation and decreased both plasma glucose and insulin compared with a placebo.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is chlorella?
Chlorella is a single-celled, green freshwater algae. It contains many nutrients, including protein, Vitamin C and B12, omega 3 fatty acids, fibre, and small amounts of magnesium, zinc, copper, potassium, calcium, folic acid and other B vitamins. It is associated with a number of health benefits including helping to detoxify the body, enhancing immune function, providing an antioxidant effect, reducing blood pressure, improving blood sugar levels, supporting liver health and digestion, and improving exercise performance.
What does the science say about Chlorella?
A study by Kwak and colleagues (32) found that supplementation with Chlorella had a positive effect on immune and inflammatory response in healthy humans, including enhancing the activity of the natural killer cells and interleukins, substances secreted by white blood cells which regulate immune responses.
Evidence is now beginning to emerge on the potential beneficial effects of Chlorella on exercise performance. The results of a study by Umemoto and Otsuki (33) showed that peak oxygen uptake significantly increased after Chlorella supplementation in comparison to a placebo. The authors concluded that the results of the study demonstrate that Chlorella can increase aerobic endurance capacity.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Kelp?
Kelp is a type of large brown algae that grows in shallow, nutrient-rich saltwater. It contains a variety of vitamins, minerals, trace elements and enzymes, including Iron, manganese, calcium, magnesium, copper, zinc, riboflavin, niacin, thiamine, vitamins A, B-12, B-6, and C. It is also a good source of iodine, which is important for optimal thyroid function and metabolism. It has been associated with a number of benefits including antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects, contributing to bone, hair and thyroid health, and the maintenance of healthy blood glucose and lipid levels.
What does the science say about Kelp?
Kelp contains a natural fibre called alginate. Research suggests that this may reduce the absorption of fat by the body, therefore enhancing weight loss (8).
A study by Kim et al.,(34) found that that ingestion of Kelp improved glycaemic control, lowered blood lipids, and increased antioxidant enzyme activities in individuals with type 2 diabetes.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Broccoli Sprout powder?
Sprouts are seeds that have germinated and become very young plants. Broccoli Sprout is high in many nutrients, including fibre, vitamin C, vitamin K, iron, and potassium. It also contains more protein than most other vegetables. Compared to mature broccoli, broccoli sprout contains greater amounts of sulforaphane, a chemical that is thought to provide a range of benefits. These include enhancing heart, brain, joint and gut health and aiding mental health.
What does the science say about Broccoli Sprout powder?
The results of a study by Moon (35) and colleagues showed that sulforaphane helps to inhibit the activity of inflammatory cytokines to produce an anti-arthritis effect.
Sulforaphane has also been shown to benefit gut health. Yanaka (36) found that it inhibits overgrowth of anaerobic microflora (bacteria and microscopic algae and fungi) and protects the small intestine from oxidative injury.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Alfalfa Leaf powder?
Alfalfa is a member of the legume (pea) family and also considered to be a herb. It provides a range of nutrients including vitamin K, vitamin C, copper, manganese, folate, thiamine, riboflavin, magnesium, and iron. It also contains protein and has a high content of bioactive plant compounds including saponins, coumarins, flavonoids, phytosterols, phytoestrogens and alkaloids. Alfalfa has been used in traditional medicine to lower blood pressure, act as a diuretic, increase breast milk production, and to treat arthritis and kidney stones.
What does the science say about Alfalfa powder ?
Alfalfa has been shown to contribute to metabolic health. A study by Amraie et al., (37) found that the consumption of Alfalfa extract significantly reduced glucose, cholesterol, triglycerides, and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels in the diabetic rats and enhanced high-density lipoprotein levels.
Research has also shown alfalfa to have powerful antioxidant properties, specifically, the ability to reduce cell death and DNA damage caused by free radicals (38).
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Barley Grass?
Barley Grass is the leaf portion of the barley plant, one of the most widely consumed grains. It contains a wide range of nutrients including beta carotene, vitamins B1, B2, B6, B12, pantothenic acid, and folic acid, potassium, calcium, iron, phosphorus, magnesium, chlorophyll, amino acids and fibre. Barley grass is also rich in functional ingredients, such as gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), flavonoids, saponarin, lutonarin, superoxide dismutase (SOD), alkaloid, metallothioneins, and polyphenols.
What does the science say about Barley Grass?
A review by Zeng and colleagues (10) highlighted the many benefits associated with the consumption of Barley Grass. These include promoting sleep; providing an antidiabetic effect; regulating blood pressure; enhancing immunity; protecting the liver; providing anti-acne/detoxifying and antidepressant effects; improving gastrointestinal function; providing anticancer, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, hypolipidemic, and antigout effects; reducing cardiovascular disease, fatigue, and constipation; alleviating dermatitis; and improving cognition. The authors concluded that these results support the contention that Barley Grass may be one of the best functional foods for the prevention of chronic diseases.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Watercress?
Watercress is a member of the mustard family. It is a small plant with white flowers which usually grows in clear, running streams. It contains many nutrients including vitamins A, C and K, calcium and manganese and small amounts of vitamin E, thiamine, riboflavin, vitamin B6, folate, pantothenic acid, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, copper and dietary nitrates. Its consumption has been associated with numerous benefits, including enhancing cardiovascular and bone health, reducing oxidative stress and improving immune function.
What does the science say about Watercress?
Watercress contains substances known as dietary nitrates. These have been shown to enhance exercise performance and benefit cardiovascular health in a number of ways, such as reducing blood pressure, enhancing blood flow, and elevating the driving pressure of oxygen in the microcirculation to areas with low oxygen levels and exercising tissue (11).
Nitrates boost blood vessel health by reducing inflammation and decreasing the stiffness and thickness of the blood vessels. They lower blood pressure by increasing nitric oxide levels in the blood, which causes blood vessels to dilate.
In a 10-day study on rats with high cholesterol, treatment with watercress extract lowered total cholesterol by 34% and “bad” LDL cholesterol by 53% (39).
With regard to exercise performance, a study by Shannon et al., (40) showed that the ingestion of nitrates significantly improved performance in a 1500 m time trial.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Matcha Green Tea?
Matcha is finely ground powder of specially grown and processed green tea leaves. It contains high levels of polyphenol antioxidants, including a catechin called EGCG. Catechins are natural antioxidants which can reduce the formation of free radicals in the body, protecting cells from damage. Green tea also has small amounts of minerals that are important for health. Additionally, amongst its many benefits, green tea has been shown to enhance fat burning and boost metabolic rate.
What does the science say about Matcha Green Tea?
A study by Venables et al., (12) investigated the effects of Green Tea extract (GTE) on glucose tolerance and fat oxidation during moderate-intensity exercise in humans. The results showed that average fat oxidation rates were 17% higher after the ingestion of GTE than a placebo. Moreover, the contribution of fat oxidation to total energy expenditure was also significantly higher after GTE supplementation. In addition, GTE supplementation improved insulin sensitivity and glucose tolerance.
The consumption of Green Tea has been shown to directly aid weight loss. Nagao and colleagues (41) found that supplementation with Green Tea resulted in a decrease in body weight, body mass index, body fat ratio, body fat mass, waist circumference, hip circumference, visceral fat area, and subcutaneous fat area to a greater degree than a control. A greater decrease in systolic blood pressure and LDL cholesterol was also observed.
In addition to its fat burning properties, Green Tea has also been shown to slow brain ageing and provide a stress reducing effect (42)
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Acai Berry extract?
The acai berry is a small, dark purple fruit with a juicy pulp native to tropical rain forests of Central and South America. Acai berries contain fibre, vitamin A and calcium and some other trace minerals, including chromium, zinc, iron, copper, manganese, magnesium, potassium and phosphorus. Acai’s most powerful health benefits come from its plant compounds including anthocyanins, which act as powerful antioxidants in the body.
What does the science say about Acai Berry?
Supplementation with Acai may also improve exercise performance. A study by Sadowska-Krępa et al., (45) on young athletes found that 6 weeks of supplementation with Acai resulted in a marked reduction in exercise-induced muscle damage in addition to an increase in antioxidant capacity and a substantial improvement in blood lipid profiles.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Beetroot powder?
Beetroot powder is the powdered form of the sweet, maroon root vegetable, beetroot. It is rich in antioxidants, dietary fibre, calcium, iron, potassium, folate and manganese, along with other nutrients. Beetroot is also naturally rich in inorganic nitrates and pigments, both of which have a number of health benefits, such as improving blood flow and reducing blood pressure.
What does the science say about Beetroot?
The results of a review by Clifford et al., (13) on the potential health benefits of Beetroot showed that it is considered as a promising therapeutic treatment in a range of clinical conditions associated with oxidative stress, inflammation, cognition and endothelial function.
Dominguez and colleagues (14) reviewed the effects of Beetroot supplementation on intermittent high-intensity exercise. The results showed that beetroot juice given as a single dose or over a few days may improve performance at intermittent, high-intensity efforts with short rest periods. The improvements observed were attributed to faster phosphocreatine resynthesis which could delay its depletion during repetitive exercise efforts. In addition, beetroot juice supplementation could improve muscle power output via a mechanism involving a faster muscle shortening velocity.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Carrot powder?
Carrot powder is the dried and powdered form of the root vegetable. It has all of the sweet flavour and nutrients of the vegetable. These include beta carotene, fibre, vitamin K1, potassium, and various antioxidants.
What does the science say about Carrot?
One of the many nutrients contained in Carrots are carotenoids. These have a powerful antioxidant effect that has been linked to improved immune function and reduced risk of many illnesses, including heart disease, various degenerative ailments, and certain types of cancer (46). The powerful antioxidant potential of carotenoids, particularly beta carotene, may aid exercise performance by reducing exercise-induced oxidative stress (47).
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Ginger Root extract?
Ginger is a flowering plant that originated from China, and is closely related to turmeric, cardomon and galangal. It is the underground part of the stem, or root, that is commonly used as a spice. Ginger contains more than 400 chemical compounds, but it is the gingerol compounds that are responsible for its powerful antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties.
What does the science say about Ginger Root?
Anh and colleagues (48) conducted a comprehensive systematic review of 109 randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of Ginger on health. The results showed evidence to support its use for a variety of applications including nausea and vomiting in pregnancy, inflammation, pain relief, metabolic syndromes (type 2 diabetes), and digestive function. For example, in the treatment of type 2 diabetes, ginger was shown to significantly improve fasting blood sugar, haemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), insulin sensitivity, and insulin resistance. Furthermore, lipid profile, inflammatory markers, and antioxidants were also improved by ginger intake.
Ginger may also aid post-exercise recovery. A study by Matsumura (49) found that supplementation with Ginger helped to accelerate recovery of muscular strength following intense exercise.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Celery?
Celery is a cultivated plant of the parsley family. It contains vitamin C, beta carotene, and flavonoids, in addition to at least 12 additional kinds of antioxidant nutrients found in a single stalk. It is also a good source of phytonutrients, which have been shown to reduce inflammation in the digestive tract, cells, blood vessels, and organs.
What does the science say about Celery?
A review by Kooti and Daraei (50) highlighted some of many health-related benefits of celery consumption. These include a reduced risk of cardiovascular disease, jaundice, liver disease, urinary tract obstruction, gout, and rheumatic disorders. Celery has also been shown to reduce blood glucose, blood lipid, and blood pressure levels, and possess antifungal, anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.
According to the findings of a study by Gorji et al., (51) when combined with exercise, celery may also aid weight- loss. A group of women (35 to 45 years old) who practiced regular Pilates exercise and consumed celery supplements for 8 weeks reported a significant reduction in body fat. The authors concluded that that the Pilates exercise and consumption of celery had a significant positive effect on Adiponectin concentration (a substance involved in regulating glucose levels and fatty acid breakdown) leading to the reduction in body fat.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Parsley?
Parsley is a popular herb commonly used in American, European, and Middle Eastern cooking. It is a rich source of important nutrients, including vitamins A, K, and C and the minerals calcium, iron, magnesium and potassium.
What does the science say about parsley?
Parsley contains many plant compounds, including carotenoid antioxidants, which have been found to benefit heart health by reducing the risk factors for cardiovascular disease. For example, carotenoid-rich diets have been shown to improve heart disease risk factors such as chronic inflammation, as well as elevated blood pressure and LDL cholesterol levels (52).
A study by Linde et al., (53) investigated the chemical composition and antibacterial and antifungal activities of parsley essential oil against foodborne diseases and opportunistic pathogens. The results showed that parsley essential oil was effective against all tested bacteria, mainly Staphylococcus aureus, Listeria monocytogenes, and Salmonella enterica, at similar or lower concentrations than at least one of the controls. It also had fungistatic activity against all tested fungi.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Kale powder?
Kale powder is the dried, ground form of Kale, a cruciferous vegetable like cabbage, broccoli, cauliflower, collard greens and Brussel sprouts, which, in recent years, have gained great popularity as a ´superfood´. It is considered to be one of the most nutrient dense foods, as it contains many powerful antioxidants, including quercetin and kaempferol, in addition to vitamins A, C, K and B6, the minerals manganese, copper, calcium and magnesium, and various flavonoids and polyphenols.
What does the science say about Kale?
Kale is a member of the Brassicaceae family of vegetables. Kapusta-Duch (54) and colleagues investigated thebeneficial effects of these on human health. The results of the review showed that due to their phytochemical content, they have been shown to prevent oxidative stress, which aids recovery from exercise, induce detoxification enzymes, stimulate the immune system, and decrease the risk of certain cancers. Due to the presence of vitamins C and E, carotenoids and antioxidant enzymes such as catalase, superoxide dismutase and peroxidase, these vegetables are a considerable source of antioxidants.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What is Beta Carotene?
β-Carotene is an organic, red-orange coloured pigment found in plants and fruits, which is responsible for the red, yellow, and orange colouration of some fruits and vegetables. It is an antioxidant that converts to vitamin A in the body, and plays a vital role in vision, cell growth, the health of organs such as the heart, lungs and kidneys, and cognitive function.
What does the science say about Beta Carotene?
Tan and colleagues (55) examined the relationship between antioxidants, such as Beta Carotene, and oxidative stress. The authors highlighted the role oxidative stress plays in the development of age-related diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, and noted that emerging evidence suggests that antioxidants can interrupt the propagation of free radicals or inhibit the formation of free radicals and subsequently reduce oxidative stress, improve immune function, and increase healthy longevity.
Beta Carotene intake is also related to skin health and appearance. A review by Stahl and Sies (56) found that an optimal supply of antioxidant micronutrients, including beta carotene, in the skin increases defence against UV irradiation, supports longer-term protection, and contributes to maintenance of skin health and appearance.
Best SuperGreens Supplement – What are Probiotics (Lactobacillus)?
Probiotics are live bacteria, sometimes referred to as ‘good’ bacteria, and yeasts that provide a number of health benefits, especially for the digestive system. Lactobacillus is a probiotic bacteria that naturally occurs in the human gut and other parts of the body and can be found in fermented foods, yogurt and supplements. It aids digestion and absorption as well as providing many other health benefits, such as enhancing immune function.
What does the science say about Probiotics?
While probiotics have been included in Time 4 Super Greens to aid digestion, the International Society of Sports Nutrition (57) states that probiotic administration has been linked to a wide range of health benefits, with gut and immune health being the most researched applications. The Society also notes that preclinical and early human research has shown potential probiotic benefits relevant to an athletic population that include improved body composition and lean body mass, normalising age-related declines in testosterone levels, reductions in cortisol levels indicating improved responses to a physical or mental stressor, reduction of exercise-induced lactate, and improved neurotransmitter synthesis, cognition and mood.
Note: The health benefits of probiotics are strain- and dose-dependent. To learn more about the various types of probiotics and their specific benefits, simply click here:
To optimise your fitness and strength, you need to be healthy. This requires you to consume a wide variety of nutrients from a range of dietary sources, which can be difficult, even with the best planned nutrition strategies. We are not claiming that Time 4 Super Greens can replace your intake of vegetables from a healthy diet, but it can provide you with an additional intake of certain nutrients to potentially help address any shortfalls and provide you with nutrients from sources not common in the typical western diet, such as kelp, spirulina and chlorella.
Just 2 scoops of Time 4 Super Greens will provide you with an easy to consume and palatable combination of more than 20 premium quality ingredients with added Prebiotics & Probiotics and no unnecessary ﬁllers nor added sugars.
Perhaps now it’s time for you to starting drinking your greens as well eating eat them.