Medium chain triglycerides (MCTs) are partially man-made fats. The name refers to the way the carbon atoms are arranged in their chemical structure.  They are a form of saturated fatty acid and have numerous benefits ranging from increasing muscle mass and exercise performance to reducing body fat and improving cognitive function. MCTs are also associated with increases in growth hormone and have also been shown to provide a steady supply of energy that helps to prevent blood sugar swings while sleeping and so improve sleep quality and decrease the chance of waking due to low blood sugar levels.