Effect of Zinc on Testosterone Levels and Sexual Function of Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial

Leila Mazaheri Nia 1Mina Iravani 2Parvin Abedi 1Bahman Cheraghian 3


This study aimed to investigate the effect of zinc supplementation on testosterone levels and sexual function in postmenopausal women. This randomized clinical trial was performed on 116 postmenopausal women with serum zinc levels below 62, and low sexual function who were randomly divided into two groups: intervention and control.Serum zinc levels, testosterone, hemoglobin and hematocrit, as well as their Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI) were evaluated before and after the intervention. Data analysis was performed using paired and independent t-tests, Fisher’s exact test, and Chi Square test. The use of zinc supplementation in the intervention group significantly improved sexual desire, arousal, orgasm, satisfaction, vaginal moisture, and pain during intercourse and also the overall score of sexual function compared to the control group (p < 0.001). Zinc supplementation in the intervention group, resulted in a significant increase in testosterone levels compared to the control group, which improved sexual function in postmenopausal women non-significantly. The results of this study showed that zinc supplementation can improve testosterone levels and sexual function in postmenopausal women. Using this supplement in postmenopausal women having zinc insufficiency is recommended. Also, there is need for more studies to prove the effect of zinc on testosterone and sexual function.